Amman, the capital and largest city of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The City is located in a hilly area of north-western Jordan, originally built on seven hills, expanded over an area of nineteen hills presently. Because of the cooling effects of its’ location on a plateau, Amman enjoys four seasons of excellent weather
Being the country's political, cultural and commercial centre and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, the city's population continues to expand at a dizzying pace, thus, the number of new buildings within the city has increased dramatically with new districts of the city being founded at a very rapid pace during the last 10 years
Amman has been inhabited by several civilizations. The first around 8500 BC during the Neolithic period. Known as “Rabbath Ammon” in the 13th century BC.
It was later conquered by the Assyrians, followed by the Persians, and then the Greeks.
Renamed Philadelphia during the Hellenic rule on Egypt by Ptolemy II Philadelphus. The city was part of the Nabateaen kingdom, until it came under the Roman control and joined the Decapolis on 106 AD.
In 326 AD, Christianity became the religion of the empire and it became the seat of a bishopric during the beginning of the Byzantine era.
During the Ghassanian era, Philadelphia was renamed Amman, and flourished under the Caliphates of the Umayyads and the Abbasids. Then was destroyed by several earthquakes and natural disasters and remained a small village and a pile of ruins until the Circassians settlement in 1887.
When the Ottoman Sultan decided to build the Hejaz Railway, linking Damascus and Medina, facilitating both the annual hajj pilgrimage and permanent trade, Amman became again a major station, and back on the commercial map.
In 1921, Abdullah I chose Amman as seat of government for his newly-created state, the Emirate of Transjordan, and later as the capital of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
The modern, stylish, cosmopolitan West Part of Amman, known as the economic center of city with its’ Malls & shopping centers hosting international brands, expensive hotels, bars, and international restaurants, is newer than Eastern Amman being the historic city center, more traditional with its’ small shops and single family houses
Most of Amman Sightseeing is focused in the older downtown area, which is centered around the old souk, and the King Hussein Mosque.
The Citadel hill of Amman, known as Jabal al-Qal'a, has been inhabited for centuries, important as a military and religious site. It dates back to Roman and Byzantine times, and later work was carried out in the early Islamic era. Remains unearthed at the northern and eastern ends of the Citadel, possibly date back to the Bronze Age. The Citadel also is home to the Temple of Hercules which is said to have been constructed under the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius who reigned from 161-180 AD
Since Amman resembles Rome, as it is situated on several hills, the city was a favorite place for Roman soldiers and officials. Behind the Roman forum stands a Roman Theatre — the largest theatre in Jordan — with room for 6,000 spectators. Thought to have been built between 138 and 161 AD by the Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius, it is constructed into the side of the mountain and is still used for sports displays and cultural events.
Amman is also home to some of the grandest mosques in the Middle East. The newest of these is the enormous King Abdullah I Mosque, built between 1982 and 1989. It is capped by a magnificent blue mosaic dome beneath which 3,000 Muslims may offer prayer. The most unusual mosque in Amman is "Abu Darweesh Mosque" atop Jabal Ashrafieh. It is covered with an extraordinary black and white checkered pattern, and light colored walls and Persian carpets for the interior
There are numerous museums in Amman including the Royal Automobile Museum, the Jordan Archaeological Museum, Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition, the Jordan Folklore Museum, and the Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts.
• The Automobile Museum houses and exhibits the Late King’s collection of automobiles. The design of the building comes across as a mass merging into the surrounding environment and blends with it through the artificial planted hills which rise beyond the building’s walls.
• The Jordan Archaeological Museum is located at the Citadel and houses archaeological treasures from across the country like pottery, jewelry, ancient tools, etc. It also houses The Dead Sea bronze scrolls and plaster statues from Ain Ghazal, one of the world's oldest settlements.
• The Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition and the Jordan Folklore Museum exhibit Jordanian handicrafts, clothing, embroidery, musical instruments, a goat hair Bedouin tent furnished with traditional objects, as well as a collection of mosaics from Madaba and other Byzantine churches across the country
• The Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts exhibits Jordanian art as well as art from across the region and the world. The museum in Jabal Al- Weideh houses art even from Europe and America as well.