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Pella

Pella, another city of the Decapolis in the Jordan Valley, located 130 km north of Amman.

The site has been continuously occupied since Neolithic times. It was first mentioned in the 19th Century BC in Egyptian inscriptions, its name was Hellenised to Pella, perhaps to honor Alexander the Great birthplace.

The Roman city, of which some spectacular ruins remain, supplanted the Hellenistic city. When it became one of the cities making up the Decapolis.

Being the site of one of Christianity's earliest churches, according to Eusebius of Caesarea it was a refuge for Jerusalem Christians in the 1st Century AD who were fleeing the Great Jewish Revolt.

The city proper was destroyed by the Golan earthquake of 749. However, a small village remains in the area. Though, only small portions of the ruins have been excavated.

Since 1979, the University of Sydney, and the Jordanian Department of Antiquities have been conducting excavations at Pella. In recent years the focus has been on the site's Bronze Age, and Iron Age temples and administrative buildings which were first exposed in 1994.